纺织学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (06): 176-181.doi: 10.13475/j.fzxb.20190103106

• 纺织科技新见解学术沙龙专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

针织结构材料在安全防护领域的应用研究进展

  

  • 收稿日期:2019-01-14 修回日期:2019-03-21 出版日期:2019-06-15 发布日期:2019-06-25

Advances in knitted structural materials for safety protection

  • Received:2019-01-14 Revised:2019-03-21 Online:2019-06-15 Published:2019-06-25

摘要:

为进一步拓宽针织结构材料在安全防护领域的应用,系统地介绍了平纹结构、经编网眼结构、经编间隔结构、绒类结构、轴向结构、负泊松比结构以及无缝结构针织防护材料的制备方法和性能特点,并归纳和总结了针织结构防护材料的应用研究现状。认为针织结构防护材料因具有柔软舒适、成形性好、可设计性强以及可实现大面积防护等优点,在安全防护领域具有广阔的发展前景。同时结合当前的科技发展情况和人们对安全防护类产品的实际需求指出,针织结构防护材料将会向智能化、多功能化、轻质化、穿着舒适和时尚化方向发展。

关键词: 针织结构材料, 安全防护, 经编间隔结构, 针织绒类, 成形性, 负泊松比

Abstract:

In order to improve the application of knitted structural materials for safety protection, the fabrication processes and performance characteristics of knitted protective materials made of plain structure, warp-knitted mesh structure, warp-knitted spacer structure, velvet structure, axial structure, auxetic structure and seamless structure fabric, are systematically introduced in this review. And the application and research status of knitted protective materials is summarized. Knitted protective materials have the advantages of comfort, excellent formability, strong designability and large protective area, therefore, they have a broad development prospect in the field of safety protection. At the same time, this review combines the current development of science and technology and the actual needs of people for protective products, and points out that knitted protective materials will be developed in the directions of intelligence, multi-function, lightweight, portable, comfort and fashion.

Key words: knitted structure material, safety protection, warp-knitted spacer structure, knitted velvet, formability, negative Poisson′s ratio

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