纺织学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (07): 159-166.doi: 10.13475/j.fzxb.20220602301

• 染整与化学品 • 上一篇    下一篇


陈家辉1,2,3,4, 梁跃耀1,2,3,4, 陈妮5, 房宽峻1,2,3,4()   

  1. 1.青岛大学 纺织服装学院, 山东 青岛 266071
    2.生态纺织省部共建协同创新中心, 山东 青岛 266071
    3.生物多糖纤维成形与生态纺织国家重点实验室, 山东 青岛 266071
    4.山东省生态纺织协同创新中心,山东 青岛 266071
    5.杭州宏华数码科技股份有限公司, 浙江 杭州 310051
  • 收稿日期:2022-06-10 修回日期:2023-03-06 出版日期:2023-07-15 发布日期:2023-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 房宽峻(1963—),男,教授,博士。主要研究方向为清洁染整技术。E-mail:13808980221@163.com
  • 作者简介:陈家辉(1997—),男,硕士生。主要研究方向为喷墨印花。
  • 基金资助:

Research and application of ink jet printing on cotton fabrics

CHEN Jiahui1,2,3,4, LIANG Yueyao1,2,3,4, CHEN Ni5, FANG Kuanjun1,2,3,4()   

  1. 1. College of Textiles & Clothing, Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center for Eco-Textiles of Shandong Province and the Ministry of Education, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China
    3. State Key Laboratory for Biofibers and Eco-Textiles, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China
    4. Collaborative Innovation Center for Eco-Textiles of Shandong Province, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China
    5. Hangzhou Honghua Digital Technology Co., Ltd., Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310051, China
  • Received:2022-06-10 Revised:2023-03-06 Published:2023-07-15 Online:2023-08-10



关键词: 喷墨打印, 聚集打印, 面积扩大率, 网点传递特性, 图像还原性, 棉织物喷墨印花


Objective Because of the different surface properties of printing materials, the spreading and penetration of ink on the substrate are different. Fabrics are composed of regular fiber structure, which makes its interface have a directional diffusion path. The spreading and penetration behavior of ink on fabrics would causes the diffusion area of ink to be much larger than the theoretical area, known as the dot gain phenomenon, which leads to blurred edges of printing images, changes in color scales, and seriously affects the image restoration effect. Therefore, it is particularly important to reduce the excessive diffusion of ink on fabric and improve the quality of image printing.

Method In order to solve the problem of poor image restoration caused by excessive diffusion of ink on the fabric, this research proposed a method of cluster dot printing, which uses image processing software to gather and print the originally scattered printing points according to certain rules, which could effectively reduce the excessive diffusion of ink and achieve the effect of high-precision image reproduction.

Result Because of the difference in the material and structure of the printing medium, the diffusion of ink is different (Fig. 3). The perimenter of a single ink drop on the cotton fabric is 2.26 times that on the copper proofing paper, and the area is increased by 36% (Tab. 1). The ink expansion rate on cotton fabric was significantly higher than that on copper proofing paper, which results in that the printing method applicable to the paper may not be applicable to the cotton fabric. Different printing methods were adopted to print on cotton fabric. The area expansion rate of scattered printing points on cotton fabric was as high as 40%, while the area expansion rate of clustered printing ellipse points on cotton fabric was only 16%, and the area expansion rate is reduced by 24%. Therefore, the clustered printing mode was shown to be effective in reducing the diffusion of ink on cotton fabric (Fig. 5). The change of printing mode could improve and reduce the ink diffusion and thus the printing effect. Lines are the units that constitute patterns. When printing lines of 0.5 mm, the difference in line thickness formed by clustered printing is less than 10%, far less than the 30% of scattered printing, greatly improving the uniformity of the print line, and making the print spacing closer to the ideal spacing (Fig. 6). Clustered printing could better restore the color scale of the image. Compared with scattered printing, the reflection rate of light was reduced by 9%. Compared with the points used for clustered printing, the light absorption rate of dispersion printing was significantly enhanced. This indirectly suggests that the point expansion of scattered printing may lead to the contact between adjacent points, which increases the actual ink area, thus increasing the light absorption (Fig. 8). The use of clustered printing would better restore the image and improve the printing effect. The final image of scattered printing would be much darker than the original image with some noise, which affect the printing quality. Compared with scattered points, the pattern printed in clustered printing mode would be brighter and reduce noise. This is because polymerization printing can effectively reduce the diffusion of ink on the fabric and improve the printing quality (Fig. 9).

Conclusion From the perspective of ink diffusion on the substrate, the diffusion of a single ink drop on the cotton fabric is greater than that on the copper proofing paper, which results in that the printing method applicable to the paper may not be applicable to the cotton fabric. Compared with scattered printing, the clustered printing technology gathers randomly printed dots to form dots of different shapes according to certain rules, which can effectively reduce the diffusion of ink on cotton fabrics, reduce the dot gain of ink drops, and thus improve the resolution of image repruduction. When printing lines, clustered printing can effectively avoid the uneven thickness of lines, and make the actual line width closer to the theoretical width. When printing images with different grayscales, the clustered printing can effectively avoid the grayscale darkening of the image caused by dot enlargement, and reduce the noise in the printing process, so as to improve the printing quality.

Key words: ink jet printing, clustered printing, area expansion rate, dot transfer characteristic, image restoration, ink jet printing for cotton fabric


  • TS194.4









试样名称 面积/μm2 周长/mm
铜板打样纸 5 500 582.2
棉织物 7 520 257.7













[1] 宋亚伟, 房宽峻, 张建波, 等. 喷墨技术及其在纺织品印花中的应用进展[J]. 纺织学报, 2015, 36(8):165-172.
SONG Yawei, FANG Kuanjun, ZHANG Jianbo, et al. Inkjet technology and its application in textile printing[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2015, 36(8):165-172.
[2] 林虹, JIN Haiyun. 数码印花与纺织品个性化定制C2B模式[J]. 纺织学报, 2015, 36(2):164-168.
LIN Hong, JIN Haiyun. Digital printing and textile personalized customization C2B mode[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2015, 36(2):164-168.
[3] ZHANG K, FANG K, BUKHARI M N, et al. The effect of ink drop spreading and coalescing on the image quality of printed cotton fabric[J]. Cellulose, 2020, 27(16):9725-9736.
doi: 10.1007/s10570-020-03446-6
[4] 杨海贞, 房宽峻, 刘秀明, 等. 棉织物组织结构对墨滴铺展及颜色性能的影响[J]. 纺织学报, 2019, 40(7):78-84.
YANG Haizhen, FANG Kuanjun, LIU Xiuming, et al. Influence of cotton fabric structure on ink droplet spreading and color performance[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2019, 40(7):78-84.
[5] 徐锦林, 徐军飞. 光学网点增大研究综述及网点面积率探讨[J]. 中国印刷与包装研究, 2012, 4(1):1-6.
XU Jinlin, XU Junfei. Review of optical dot gain and discussion of dot percentage[J]. China Printing and Packaging Study, 2012, 4(1):1-6.
[6] 邢文彬, 李建华. 网点增大的理论解析[J]. 中国包装工业, 2007(11):56-59.
XING Wenbin, LI Jianhua. Theoretical analysis of dot enlargement[J]. China Packaging Industry, 2007(11):56-59.
[7] ZHANG K, FANG K, CHEN W, et al. Controlling the spreading of nanoliter-scale droplets on the fibers of fabrics for enhancing image quality and ink utiliza-tion[J]. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2021, 13(50):60581-60589.
[8] 房宽峻, 刘尊东, 陈伟, 等. 棉织物表面处理对活性染料喷墨印花的影响[J]. 纺织学报, 2015, 36(2):128-132.
FANG Kuanjun, LIU Zundong, CHEN Wei, et al. Effect of fabric surface treatment on ink jet printing with reactive dyes[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2015, 36(2):128-132.
[9] ZHANG K, XIE R, FANG K, et al. Effects of reactive dye structures on surface tensions and viscosities of dye solutions[J]. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2019.110932.
doi: 10.1016/j.molliq.2019.110932
[10] 杨海贞, 房宽峻, 刘秀明, 等. 喷墨印花预处理对织物组织结构的影响[J]. 纺织学报, 2019, 40(5):84-90.
YANG Haizhen, FANG Kuanjun, LIU Xiuming, et al. Influence of ink-jet printing pretreatment on fibric structures[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2019, 40(5):84-90.
[11] 白春燕. 喷墨印刷中的网点面积率预测及网点扩大研究[D]. 无锡: 江南大学, 2009:3.
BAI Chunyan. The dot coverage prediction of the inkjet printing and dot gain study[D]. Wuxi: Jiangnan University, 2009:3.
[12] 顾小萍. 对喷墨印刷中网点扩大的研究[D]. 无锡: 江南大学, 2006:8.
GU Xiaoping. The research on dot gain in ink-jet printing[D]. Wuxi: Jiangnan University, 2006:8.
[13] 杨勇, 熊伟斌. 基于BP神经网络的真网点喷墨打样[J]. 包装工程, 2017, 38(3):175-179.
YANG Yong, XIONG Weibin. True dot inkjet proofing based on bp neural network[J]. Packaging Engineering, 2017, 38(3):175-179.
[14] 任小玲, 张二虎. 数字半色调技术发展概述[J]. 西安工业学院学报, 2003(2):108-113.
REN Xiaoling, ZHANG Erhu. Review of progress of digital halftoning techniques[J]. Journal of Xi'an Institute of Technology, 2003(2):108-113.
[15] 王琪, 王茜. 数字真网点打样质量控制与评价[J]. 包装工程, 2013, 34(17):108-112.
WANG Qi, WANG Qian. Quality control and evaluation of digital of proof[J]. Pacakaging Engineering, 2013, 34(17):108-112.
[16] 王成林, 唐正宁, 高松. 基于Am/Fm半色调的混合加网算法研究[J]. 包装工程, 2008, 29(3):15-17.
WANG Chenglin, TANG Zhengning, GAO Song. Hybrid screening based on Am/Fm galftoning[J]. Packaging Engineering, 2008, 29(3):15-17.
[17] 王琪. 基于网点结构形态的图像信息印刷复制研究[D]. 南京: 南京林业大学, 2013:9.
WANG Qi. Research on the paper reproduction of image information based on pattern of dot structure[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing Forestry University, 2013:9.
[1] 王曙东, 马倩, 王可, 谷元慧. 3D生物打印制备组织工程支架的研究进展[J]. 纺织学报, 2023, 44(03): 210-220.
[2] 王航, 王冰心, 宁新, 曲丽君, 田明伟. 喷墨打印导电墨水及其智能电子纺织品研究进展[J]. 纺织学报, 2021, 42(06): 189-197.
[3] 郑庆康;朱谱新;李瑞芬. 含硫代硫酸根的改性染料的制取和应用[J]. 纺织学报, 2003, 24(01): 62-64.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!