纺织学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 66-72.doi: 10.13475/j.fzxb.20191100307

• 纺织工程 • 上一篇    下一篇


刘明洁1,2, 林婧1,2, 关国平1,2(), BROCHU G3, GUIDOIN R3, 王璐1,2   

  1. 1.东华大学 纺织学院, 上海 201620
    2.东华大学 纺织面料技术教育部重点实验室, 上海 201620
    3.拉法尔大学 外科系, 魁北克 G1V0A6, 加拿大
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-01 修回日期:2020-05-15 出版日期:2020-11-15 发布日期:2020-11-26
  • 通讯作者: 关国平
  • 作者简介:刘明洁(1996—),女,硕士生。主要研究方向为生物医用纺织材料。
  • 基金资助:

Structures and mechanical properties of typical textile-based artificial ligaments and explants

LIU Mingjie1,2, LIN Jing1,2, GUAN Guoping1,2(), BROCHU G3, GUIDION R3, WANG Lu1,2   

  1. 1. College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Textiles Scienceand Technology, Ministry of Education, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
    3. Department of Surgery, Laval University, Quebec G1V0A6, Canada
  • Received:2019-11-01 Revised:2020-05-15 Online:2020-11-15 Published:2020-11-26
  • Contact: GUAN Guoping



关键词: 医用纺织品, 人工韧带, 前交叉韧带, 移出物, 失效机制


In view of large clinical demand for artificial ligament (AL) products and high elimination rate, the present work reports on research where eleven AL products were investigated comprehensively on their geometric features, textures, and surface morphology. In addition, failure mechanisms of a typical product Stryker?-Meadox were explored in terms of mechanical property, fiber morphology and biodegradation through analysis of explants and virgin samples. The results show that the existing AL products have various structures and different shapes, which is related to their clinical indications, and that the surface abrasion of the samples and internal structural changes of the polymers might be the leading causes of the failure after long-term implantation. The findings of this work provide some insights into optimizing the existing AL products.

Key words: medical textile, artificial ligament, anterior cruciate ligament, explant, failure mechanisms


  • TS101.4



1# 0.61 0.59 经编 芯壳结构,
2# 0.66 0.87 经编 两端接有末端开有
3# 0.57 0.50 经编 两端接有辅助细线,
4# 1.77 0.77 机织 一端由细线悬吊,
5# 4.21 0.40 机织 织带结构
6# 0.44 4.58 经编
7# 0.98 0.76 编织 两端为胶封
8# 0.46 0.47 编织 16股编织结构,
9# 0.85 0.56 编织 4股编织结构,
10# 1.07 0.67 编织 编织管状结构
11# 0.38 1.60 编织 编织管状结构



试样编号 密度/(线圈·(5 cm)-1)
横密 纵密
1# 24.8 30.2
2# 45.6 105.3
3# 26.2 91.4



试样编号 经纬密/(根数·(10 cm)-1)
经密 纬密
4# 39.02 50.24
5# 38.68 51.26
6# 222.87 144.70



试样编号 编织角/(°) 编织节点数/(个·cm-1)
7# 42.34 4.12
8# 34.15 14.16
9# 49.32 0.84
10# 24.68 4.40
11# 37.16 6.67




2种试样体视显微镜照片(×20) "









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